Comparison of the Old & New Rites of Mass as researched by the Superior General of CCEW.
You may find these and other differences between the Traditional Latin ('Tridentine') Mass and the New (Novus Ordo) Mass of the 1960's (most commonly said at Catholic parishes at the end of the 20th century):
•The 'Tridentine' Mass has a more vertical focus - a focus more on God than on fellow parishioners.
•The 'Tridentine' Mass is clearly a sacrifice (as opposed to a meal, as many 'moderns' want the faithful to view the Mass)
•The 'Tridentine' Mass emphasizes self-denial, awareness of sin.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, the priest typically faces eastward, symbolically towards Christ (not towards the parishioners)
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, there is increased reverence at the altar and extreme reverence for the Holy Eucharist.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, there are ample references to atoning for sin, hell, judgment, and the intercession of saints.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, a fixed liturgy - containing the traditional prayers - is used throughout the Church, which is not subject to personal preference or manipulation.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, there are reverent silent periods where the priest leads prayers on our behalf
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, there is more genuflecting and kneeling.
•The 'Tridentine' Mass uses a different, fuller calendar.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, there are fewer rote responses by the parishioners.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, the unchanged, traditional prayers of consecration are used.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, Holy Communion is given only by priests - to kneeling communicants on the tongue (excepting, of course, those physically unable to kneel)
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, there are no 'altar girls', no lay readers (typically), and no 'Eucharistic ministers'.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, there is a longer silent period after Communion for prayer & thanksgiving.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, pipe organs and Gregorian chant are employed rather than guitars and drums.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, the priest is not sitting off to the side while laity 'take charge'.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, there is no hand-holding or "kiss of peace" among the laity.
•In the 'Tridentine' Mass, the stable rubrics help assure that liturgical abuses do not occur.
•And, of course, the Latin language is used for the majority of the 'Tridentine' Mass (you may follow along with a Latin/English missal).
Latin Mass attendees state that the above contribute to a more holy and reverent atmosphere with fewer distractions. The last Pope to use the Latin Rite was His Holiness Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI.
Photograph's above and below is His Holiness Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI who used during the 1990's and 2000 prior to and during his pontiff the Traditional Latin Mass. This prompted him to put in to force in 2007 the Motu Proprio. The text can be read here.
When issued by the Pope, a motu proprio may be addressed to the whole Church, to part of it, or to some individuals. A document issued motu proprio has its legal effect even if the reasons given for its issuance are found to be false or fraudulent, a fact which would normally render the document invalid. Its validity is based on its issuance by the pope by his own initiative, not upon the reasons alleged.
The first motu proprio was promulgated by Pope Innocent VIII in 1484. It continues to be a common form of Papal rescripts, especially when establishing institutions, making minor changes to law or procedure, and when granting favours to persons or institutions.
Motu proprio on Tridentine Mass
On the 7 July 2007, Benedict XVI issued the motu proprio Summorum Pontificum, declaring that upon "the request of the faithful", celebration of Mass according to the Missal of 1962 (commonly known as the Tridentine Mass), was to be more easily permitted. Stable groups who previously had to petition their bishop to have a Tridentine Mass may now merely request permission from their local priest. While Summorum Pontificum directs that pastors should provide the Tridentine Mass upon the requests of the faithful, it also allows for any qualified priest to offer private celebrations of the Tridentine Mass, to which the faithful may be admitted if they wish. For regularly scheduled public celebrations of the Tridentine Mass, the permission of the priest in charge of the church is required.
In an accompanying letter, the Pope outlined his position concerning questions about the new guidelines. As there were fears that the move would entail a reversal of the Second Vatican Council, Benedict emphasised that the Tridentine Mass would not detract from the Council, and that the Mass of Paul VI would still be the norm and priests were not permitted to refuse to say the Mass in that form. He pointed out that use of Tridentine Mass "was never juridically abrogated and, consequently, in principle, was always permitted." The letter also decried "deformations of the liturgy ... because in many places celebrations were not faithful to the prescriptions of the new Missal" as the Second Vatican Council was wrongly seen "as authorising or even requiring creativity", mentioning his own experience.
The Pope considered that allowing the Tridentine Mass to those who request it was a means to prevent or heal schism, stating that, on occasions in history, "not enough was done by the Church's leaders to maintain or regain reconciliation and unity" and that this "imposes an obligation on us today: to make every effort to enable for all those who truly desire unity to remain in that unity or to attain it anew."
Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI allegedly feels that his “Summorum Pontificum“ decree has been “wounded” by Pope Francis’ decision to restrict the Latin Mass, which Benedict’s 2007 apostolic letter had explicitly allowed. Italian journalist Sandro Magister reported that in “conversations with his visitors” Benedict has revealed his private opinion of the Francis-initiated limitation.
Rorate Caeli reported on the “explosive revelation,” which came to light in Magister’s analysis of... the Francis pontificate to date, agreeing that Francis’ restriction does indeed undermine the authority of the Summorum Pontificum itself.
Main parts may be traced to apostolic times
Fabricated in the 1960's
Developed over many centuries under the guidance of the Holy Spirit
Please note: This Mass wasn't created by men, but was merely codified by Pope St. Pius V, the last sainted pope until Pope St. Pius X.
Created by a commission of men
Please note: The commission even received 'assistance' from six Protestant (heretical) observers.
"The great Catholic philosopher Dietrich von Hildebrand has rightly castigated the authors of the new liturgy for imagining that they could improve upon a rite which had developed almost imperceptibly over the centuries under the guidance of the Holy Ghost." (Davies)
The Mass Begun with Asperges (Sprinkling With Holy Water)
Yes, High Mass
Please note: The text of the Asperges is replaced by the Vidi Aquam during Paschaltide
Generally not,if so, it may replace the penitential rite.
Mass of the Catechumens, Mass of the Faithful
Liturgy of the Word, Liturgy of the Eucharist
Please note: This division alone seems to place Scripture on par with the Holy Eucharist.
Beginning of Mass
Judica Me (Psalm 42), addressed to God "Judge me, O God, and distinguish my cause from the nation that is not holy: deliver me from the unjust and deceitful man..."
"I confess to Almighty God, to blessed Mary ever Virgin, to blessed Michael the Archangel, to blessed John the Baptist, to the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, to all the Saints, and to you, Father, that I have sinned exceedingly, in though, word and deed: through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault. Therefore I beseech blessed Mary ever Virgin, blessed Michael the Archangel, blessed John the Baptist, the holy Apostles Peter and Paul, all the Saints, and you, Father to pray to the Lord our God for me."
May be a 'Penitential Rite" such as:
"Lord, we have sinned against you. Lord, have mercy. Lord, have mercy. Lord, show us your mercy and love. And grant us your salvation."
"I confess to almighty God, and to you, my brothers and sisters, that I have sinned through my own fault in my thoughts and in my words, in what I have done, and in what I have failed to do; and I ask blessed Mary, ever virgin, all the angels and saints, and you, my brothers and sisters, to pray for me to the Lord our God."
Please note: Notice the reduced emphasis on the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Saints.
Separate Confiteor; 'I Confess...' for Priest & People?
Please note: The separate confiteor for the priest is instructive for the faithful who see that even the priest - who is placed first - is a sinner
Note: Having a single "penitential rite" places the priest on the "same level as the people"
"In the new Penitential Rite which begins the Mass, the Confiteor has now become collective; hence the priest is no longer judge, witness and intercessor before God."
H.E. Cardinals Ottaviani and Bacci.
External Penitential Expression During Confiteor
Triple striking of one's breast; "mea culpa, mea culpa, mea maxima culpa" - "through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault".
May be none and or may be a single striking of the breast.
Absolutions Given During Mass
One or two
None, rather than indicate "absolution", the priest asks for mercy.
Prayer As Priest Ascends the Altar
"Take away from us our iniquities, we entreat Thee, O Lord, that with pure minds we may worthily enter into the Holy of Holies. Through Christ our Lord. Amen."
Reference to Relics in and or on the Altar
"We beseech Thee, O Lord, by the merits of Thy Saints, whose relics are here, and of all the Saints, that Thou wilt deign to pardon me all my sins. Amen."
None their may be no relics in and or on the altar.
Please note: This breaks with longstanding tradition, which required that relics be placed in altars - this practice is tied to the early Christian (Catholic) practice of celebrating Masses on the tombs of martyrs.
Said by the priest, in Greek, alternately with the server:
P: Kyrie, eleison.
R: Kyrie, eleison.
P: Kyrie, eleison.
R: Christe, eleison.
P: Christe, eleison.
R: Christe, eleison.
P: Kyrie, eleison.
R: Kyrie, eleison.
P: Kyrie, eleison.
"The frequent repetition of the Kyrie denotes in general the ardor, perseverance and importunity with which, impelled by the consciousness of our sinfulness and unworthiness, we implore mercy and assistance; then there is also therein a still higher, mystical and hidden meaning; wherefore the number three is thrice repeated. The three Divine Persons are separately and consecutively invoked: first, the Father by the Kyrie eleison; then, the Son by the Christe eleison; and finally, the Holy Ghost by the Kyrie eleison.
The invocation of each of the Divine Persons is repeated exactly three times, to signify that with each of the Divine Persons the two others are at least virtually invoked, since by the fact of their mystical indwelling in one another...all three of the Divine Persons are and live eternally in one another. Other meanings, founded rather in devotion than otherwise, have still been given to this ninefold cry for mercy; thus, for instance, the ninefold signification of the Kyrie is devoutly thought to refer to the nine kinds of sins and wants, or it has been said that thereby we express our desire of union with the nine choirs of angels." (Gihr)
Please note: Greek is the language from which the word "Catholic" is derived and it was one of the three languages appearing on the Cross (along with Latin & Hebrew)
Gloria (English Translation)
"Glory be to God on High. And on earth peace to men of good will. We praise Thee. We bless Thee. We adore Thee. We glorify Thee. We give Thee thanks for Thy great glory. Lord God, heavenly King, God the Father Almighty. Lord Jesus Christ, Only-begotten Son, Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father. Thou Who takest away the sins of the world, have mercy on us. Thou Who takest away the sins of the world, receive our prayer. Thou Who sittest at the right hand of the Father, heave mercy on us. For Thou alone art holy. Thou alone art the Lord. Thou alone, O Jesus Christ, art most high. With the Holy Ghost, in the glory of God the Father. Amen."
"Glory to God in the highest, and peace to his people on earth. Lord God, heavenly King, almighty God and Father, we worship you, we give you thanks, we praise you for your glory. Lord Jesus Christ, only Son of the Father, Lord God, Lamb of God, you take away the sins of the world: have mercy on us. you are seated at the right hand of the Father: receive our prayers. For you alone are the Holy One, you alone are the Lord, you alone are the Most High, Jesus Christ, with the Holy Spirit, in the glory of God the Father. Amen."
Please note: Although the prayers are similar, at least one notable difference may be found (e.g. the 'Tridentine' Rite prayer indicates "peace to men of good will" while the Novus Ordo rite indicates "peace to his people on earth").
Please note: Many prayers used in the Traditional Latin Mass date back to antiquity, including prayers from Pope St. Leo the Great and Pope St. Gregory the Great.
"The most of our Collects, therefore, are venerable for their antiquity and their use throughout many centuries." (Gihr)
"Most of the traditional prayers have been replaced, re-worded (e.g. stripped of 'negative' terms, references to the supernatural, etc.), deleted, left to choice, gutted, etc."
Please note: In contrast to the traditional prayers "distinguished as much for the beauty and perfection of its form as for the copiousness and depth of its contents" (Gihr), the new prayers have been charged with banality and lack of depth.
Nicene Creed (English Translation).
"I Believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Only-begotten Son of God. Born of the Father before all ages. God of God, Light of Light, true God of true God. Begotten, not made: consubstantial with the Father; by Whom all things were made. Who for us men, and for our salvation, came down from heaven (kneel) AND WAS INCARNATE BY THE HOLY GHOST OF THE VIRGIN MARY: AND WAS MADE MAN (rise). He was crucified also for us, suffered under Pontius Pilate, and was buried. And on the third day He rose again according to the Scriptures. And He ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of the Father. And He shall come again with glory to judge the living and the dead: of Whose kingdom there shall be no end. And in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life: Who proceedeth from the Father and the Son. Who together with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified: Who spoke through the Prophets. And in One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church.
I confess one Baptism for the remission of sins. And I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen."
"We believe in one God, the Father, the Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, of all that is seen and unseen. We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, one in Being with the Father. Through him all things were made. For us men and for our salvation he came down from heaven (bow): by the power of the Holy Spirit he was born of the Virgin Mary, and became man (end of bow). For our sake he was crucified under Pontius Pilate; he suffered, died, and was buried. On the third day he rose again in fulfillment of the Scriptures; he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end. We believing the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son. With the Father and the Son he is worshiped and glorified. He has spoken through the prophets. We believe in one holy catholic and apostolic Church, We acknowledge on baptism for the forgiveness of sins, We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen."
Please note: Although the prayers are similar, at least two notable differences may be found [e.g. professing the faith of one's neighbour ("we" vs. "I") and the substitution of the very precise term "consubstantial" for "one in being")].
Note: It is expected that the incorrect translation of the above into "we" instead of "I" will be corrected in upcoming translations.
However the fact remains that this prayer has been mistranslated for decades (even though the mistranslation was well known).
Prayer Intentions In Mass "General Intercessions".
No. Appropriate, general prayer intentions are included within the rite of the Mass itself
Yes. Note that these prayer intentions:
(1) are distracting ("I didn't know Bob was sick...") and may lead to loss of focus at Mass ("I wonder how he is doing..."), (2) are sometimes objectionable ("That women may not be kept from the highest roles in the Church"),
(3) tend to make the Mass individualistic / turn the Mass in on itself (rather than being universal),
(4) may be political, and
(5) are truly unnecessary if the Mass includes all appropriate intentions in its text, as the 'Tridentine' Rite does.
Furthermore, the people generally have become so undiscerning that one could probably insert the prayer intention that "The church catches on fire" and the people would parrot the response "Lord, hear our prayer".
Lay presentation of Gifts to the Altar
Please note that this procession often involves poorly dressed persons who were accosted and asked to take up the gifts as they walked in the door. The persons may be irreverent, they may living in sin, they may not have been to Mass in years, etc. Further, those who bring the gifts may include women, children, and even non-Catholics. Note that this is also distracting as the parishioners look to see who has been "selected" for this "honour". The number of distractions created by this practice is truly incalculable.
Please note: The 'dogmatically rich' and clearly sacrificial offertory prayers were essentially replaced in the New Mass by the "presentation of the gifts" which even incorporates text based on a 'Jewish meal prayer'.
Note that the heresiarch Luther also removed the offertory prayers - he referred to them as the "abomination called the offertory and from this point almost everything stinks of oblation."
Bells Rung During Mass
Please note: Bells serve to draw one's attention to the most important points of the Mass.
Possibly twice, once for each consecration.
Lavabo (Ps. 25:6-12) "I will wash my hand among the innocent, and I will encompass Thine Altar O Lord..."
No, replaced with: "Lord, wash away my iniquity; cleanse me from my sin."
Sanctus. "Holy, Holy, Holy..."
Majestic, succinct, recited by priest (bowed), accompanied by three bell rings, with the faithful kneeling
Usually tends to be elongated by choir, even to the point of appearing to be a musical production, with the faithful standing (in contrast to Rv. 4:8-11 where the elders "fall down before the one who sits on the throne and worship him" and do not cease to exclaim "holy, holy, holy...")
Invocation of the Saints Shortly before the Consecration.
"In communion with, and honouring the memory in the first place of the glorious ever Virgin Mary Mother of our God and Lord Jesus Christ; also of blessed Joseph, her Spouse; and likewise of Thy blessed Apostles and Martyrs, Peter and Paul, Andrew, James, John, Thomas, James, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Simon and Thaddeus, Linus, Cletus, Clement, Sixtus, Cornelius, Cyprian, Lawrence, Chrysogonus, John and Paul, Cosmas and Damian, and of all Thy Saints. Grant for the sake of their merits and prayers that in all things we may be guarded and helped by Thy protection.
Through the same Christ our Lord. Amen."
Omitted in most "Eucharistic Prayers". Where it remains, nearly all of it is indicated as "optional".
Priest's actions at Consecration.
At the Consecration of the Host, the priest makes a reverent, low bow and slowly pronounces the words of consecration over the bread. This is followed by a genuflection, adoration and elevation, and another genuflection. Over the Chalice, the priest also bows, and afterwards genuflects, adores, elevates the Chalice, and genuflects again.
During this time, the bell may be rung a total of ten times.
At the Consecration, the words are usually pronounced in loud voice in "narrative" fashion.
The priest may not even look at the bread while consecrating and may even "consecrate in mid air". A bow and elevation may occur after the consecration. During this time, the bell may be rung a couple of times (e.g. once at the consecration of the bread, and once at the consecration of the wine), if at all.
"You have asked (indeed) who has added to the form of the words which Christ Himself expressed when He changed the bread and wine into the body and blood, that in the Canon of the Mass which the general Church uses, which none of the Evangelists is read to have expressed... In the Canon of the Mass that expression, 'mysterium fidei,' is found interposed among His words.... Surely we find many such things omitted from the words as well as from the deeds of the Lord by the Evangelists, which the Apostles are read to have supplied by word or to have expressed by deed... From the expression, moreover, concerning which your brotherhood raised the question, namely 'mysterium fidei,' certain people have thought to draw a protection against error, saying that in the sacrament of the altar the truth of the body and blood of Christ does not exist, but only the image and species and figure, inasmuch as Scripture sometimes mentions that what is received at the altar is sacrament and mystery and example. But such run into a snare of error, by reason of the fact that they neither properly understand the authority of Scripture, nor do they reverently receive the sacraments of God, equally 'ignorant of the Scriptures and the power of God' [Matt. 22:29].... Yet 'mysterium fidei' is mentioned, since something is believed there other than what is perceived; and something is perceived other than is believed. For the species of bread and wine is perceived there, and the truth of the body and blood of Christ is believed and the power of unity and of love...Therefore, we believe that the form of words, as is found in the Canon, the Apostles received from Christ, and their successors from them..." Pope Innocent III, 1202 A.D.
"Proclaimed" by the assembly (except the actual words "mystery of faith"). May refer to Christ's death, resurrection, and second coming ["Let us proclaim the mystery of faith: Christ has died, Christ is risen, Christ will come again." (Or, "Dying you destroyed our death, rising you restored our life. Lord Jesus, come in glory"; Or, "When we eat this bread and drink this cup, we proclaim your death, Lord Jesus, until you come in glory"; Or, "Lord, by your cross and resurrection you have set us free. You are the Saviour of the world")]
Please note: The traditional Mystery of Faith may be offensive to Protestants who may not believe in Transubstantiation or the Real Presence, while the new "mystery of faith" may be generally agreeable to Protestants. Deemphasizing the traditional Mystery of Faith (and, in fact, replacing it with text that seems to contradict the Real Presence - e.g. saying "Christ will come again" when Christ is already truly present on the altar) may result in reduced belief in the Real Presence, which must be believed by the faithful. As St. Paul says in 1 Cor.11:29: "For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body, eats and drinks judgment on himself."
Protection shown by Priest for Particles of the Host Which May Remain on His Fingers.
No such protection. In fact, the priest may even shake hands with parishioners after the Consecration without even checking his fingers for sacred particles.
Words which immediately follow the Consecration. (English Translation)
A prayer by the priest: "And now, O Lord, we, Thy servants, and with us all Thy holy people, calling to mind the blessed Passion of this same Christ, Thy Son, our Lord, likewise His Resurrection from the grave, and also His glorious Ascension into heaven, do offer unto Thy most sovereign Majesty out of the gifts Thou hast bestowed upon us, a Victim which is pure, a Victim which is holy, a Victim which is spotless, the holy Bread of life eternal, and the Chalice of Everlasting Salvation. Deign to look upon them with a favourable and gracious countenance, and to accept them as Thou didst accept the offerings of Thy just servant Abel, and the sacrifice of our Patriarch Abraham, and that which Thy high priest Melchisedech offered up to Thee, a holy Sacrifice, an immaculate Victim. Humbly we beseech Thee, almighty God, to command that these our offerings be carried by the hands of Thy holy Angel to Thine Altar on high, in the sight of Thy divine Majesty, so that those of us who shall receive the most sacred Body and Blood of Thy Son by partaking thereof from this Altar may be filled with every grace and heavenly blessing..."
A "Memorial Acclamation" by the priest and people (often elongated by the choir), such as: "Christ has died, Christ is risen, Christ will come again.
Most "memorial acclamations" may tend to cast doubt on the Real Presence since instead of referring to the "Victim" (as in the 'Tridentine' Mass) who is made truly present on the altar, they skip over His presence in the Holy Eucharist - as if It was not truly there - and refer instead to Jesus' future coming - e.g. "Christ will come again", "until you come in glory", etc.
Our Father Prayer
Sung by the priest alone, in the Church's official language, Latin. High Mass.
May be sung by the choir, it is usually said or sung in any vulgar language, with very limited use of the Latin language.
Recitation of 'Amen' After Lord's Prayer.
Recited by Priest.
"The word amen, with which the Lord's Prayer concludes, contains, as it were, the germs of many of these thoughts and reflections... Indeed, so frequent was this Hebrew word in the mouth of the Saviour, that it pleased the Holy Ghost to have it retained the Church of God. Its meaning may be said to be: Know that thy prayers are heard. It has the force of a response, as if God answers the suppliant, and graciously dismisses him, after having favourably heard his prayers. This interpretation has been approved by the constant usage of the Church of God. In the Sacrifice of the Mass [in the Traditional Latin Rite], when the Lord's Prayer is said she does not assign the word amen to the server who answers: But deliver us from evil. She reserves it as appropriate to the priest himself, who, as mediator between God and man, answers Amen, thus imitating that God has heard the prayers of His people. This practice, however, is not common to all the prayers, but is peculiar to the Lord's Prayer.
To the other prayers the server answers Amen, because in every other this word only expresses assent and desire. In the Lord's Prayer it is an answer, intimating that God has heard the petition of His suppliant." Catechism of the Council of Trent.
No 'Amen',at least until after the 'Protestant-preferred' ending: "For the Kingdom, the power and the glory are yours, now and forever".
Words following the 'Our Father' Prayer. English Translation.
"Deliver us, we beseech Thee, O Lord, from all evils, past, present and to come, and by the intercession of the blessed and glorious Mary, ever Virgin, Mother of God, together with Thy blessed Apostles Peter and Paul, and Andrew, and all the Saints, mercifully grant peace in our days, that through the bounteous help of Thy mercy we may be always free from sin, and safe from all disquiet."
"Deliver us, Lord, from every evil, and grant us peace in our day. In your mercy keep us free from sin and protect us from all anxiety as we wait in joyful hope for the coming of our Saviour, Jesus Christ."
Please note: Afterwards, the prayer is concluded with the Protestant-preferred ending: "For the Kingdom, the power and the glory are yours, now and forever".
Also note that all references to the Blessed Virgin and the saints have been removed.
Sign of Peace Among Laity.
Please note: In the early day of Christianity, a "kiss of peace" among the laity was reserved for those members of the Church who were in the state of grace. It was not given indiscriminately to just anyone. Note that in the Novus Ordo Mass, this "sign of peace" is generally given to anyone in the vicinity, be they Jewish, Protestant, adulterers, abortionists, those living in sin, etc. - thereby sending a very wrong message.
Further, this practice is very distracting and requires that the laity - and possibly even the priest - turn their backs on the Holy Eucharist, which lays alone on the altar. It also tends to take one's focus away from Christ and turns the Mass from being a solemn sacrifice to a "jovial party". It is also an unsanitary practice (especially for those who will, in a few moments, proceed to take Holy Communion in the hand), and involves strange men and women inappropriately making physical contact with each other and with children. Sadly, this practice has created so much distraction that many people consider this the highlight of the Mass.
Priest's prayers in preparation for Holy Communion. (English Translation)
"O Lord Jesus Christ, Son of the living God, Who, by the will of the Father and the cooperation of the Holy Ghost, has by Thy death given life to the world: deliver me by this, Thy most sacred Body and Blood, from all my iniquities and from every evil; make me cling always to Thy commandments, and permit me never to be separated from Thee. Who with the same God, the Father and the Holy Ghost, livest and reignest God, world without end. Amen."
"Let not the partaking of Thy Body, O Lord Jesus Christ, which I, though unworthy, presume to receive, turn to my judgment and condemnation; but through Thy mercy may it be unto me a safeguard and a healing remedy both of soul and body. Who livest and reignest with God the Father, in the unity of the Holy Ghost, God, world without end. Amen."
No prayers specified in Missal.
"Lord, I am not worthy..."Domine, non sum dignus.
First said three times by priest, then said three times by faithful (by the servers)
Said one time by the priest and people together.
Confiteor / Absolution just prior to Holy Communion.
Although it may be omitted.
"Enter, let us bow down in worship; let us kneel before the LORD who made us." (Ps. 95:6)
"In the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of those that are in heaven, on earth, and under the earth" (St. Paul, Phil. 2:10)
"All who sleep in the earth will bow low before God; All who have gone down into the dust will kneel in homage." (Ps. 22:30)
"I bend my knee to the Father of my Lord Jesus Christ, from whom all paternity in heaven and on earth is named" (St. Paul, Eph. 3:14).
"['The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank you, that I am not as other men are, extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this Publican.' (Lk. 18:11)] It is said 'standing,' to denote his haughty temper. For his very posture betokens his extreme pride." (St. Theophylact)
"Why is it these same people who stand upright to receive their Lord Jesus would almost instinctively know better than to adopt this very same posture when being presented to mere earthly royalty?"
PLEASE Note: When a paten is not used, particles of the Holy Eucharist may fall to the floor and be trampled on. Remember that even the tiniest particle of the Eucharist contains Christ's Body, whole and entire.
"Yes, the same Jesus Christ is just as much in a particle of a host as in a whole host." (Catechism of St. Pius X)
"[O]ur Lord is not in the Sacrament as in a place. Place regards things only inasmuch as they have magnitude. Now we do not say that Christ is in the Sacrament inasmuch as He is great or small, terms which belong to quantity, but inasmuch as He is a substance. The substance of the bread is changed into the substance of Christ, not into magnitude or quantity; and substance, it will be acknowledged by all, is contained in a small as well as in a large space. The substance of air, for instance, and its entire nature must be present under a small as well as a large quantity, and likewise the entire nature of water must be present no less in a glass than in a river. Since, then, the body of our Lord succeeds to the substance of the bread, we must confess it to be in the Sacrament after the same manner as the substance of the bread was before consecration; whether the substance of the bread was present in greater or less quantity is a matter of entire indifference." (Catechism of the Council of Trent)
"If any one denieth that in the venerable sacrament of the Eucharist the whole Christ is contained under each species, and under every part of each species, when separated; let him be anathema." (Council of Trent)
'Formula for the distribution of Holy Communion'
Said by the priest to each communicant: "Corpus Domini nostri Jesu Christi custodiat animam tuam in vitam aeternam. Amen."
In English: "May the Body of Our Lord Jesus Christ preserve your soul unto life everlasting. Amen."
Said by the priest or the 'lay minister' to each communicant: "The body of Christ" (or "The blood of Christ"). Note: It is common to see neither "body" or "blood" be capitalized in the 'missalette'.
"Another very significant change that also made clear that no prayer in the Mass was sacrosanct was made at the very moment of receiving Holy Communion. The traditional practice had been for the priest to make the Sign of the Cross with the Host over the ciborium before each communicant, and then to place this Host upon his tongue with the words: 'Corpus Domini nostri Jesu Christi custodiat animam tuam in vitam aeternam. Amen.' In the 1965 Rite the Sign of the Cross is abolished; the priest says simply: 'Corpus Christi' and the communicant responds 'Amen.' There is, of course, nothing unorthodox in this formula. It is found in the De Sacramentis of St. Ambrose (d. 397). Its significance, as with the omission of Psalm 42, is that it made it clear to the communicant that if this sacred ritual, which he had known and revered since the day of his First Holy Communion, could be callously suppressed, then nothing in the Mass was sacrosanct. This point was reinforced by the revisers with very shrewd psychological perception by radically curtailing the conclusion of the Mass, omitting the Last Gospel and the Prayers for the Conversion of Russia. Thus at the beginning of Mass, at the moment of Holy Communion, and at the conclusion of Mass, breaches with tradition were mandated that were certain to impose themselves upon the consciousness of the faithful. It is correct that the Judica me and the Last Gospel were among the latest additions to the Ordinary of the Mass, but what of it? Is there a more inspiring passage in the whole of the Sacred Scriptures than the first fourteen verses of the Gospel of St. John? Did the good of the Church genuinely and certainly require the suppression of this inspired evocation of the Incarnation, the event in history that is the foundation upon which our entire Catholic faith is built, and which connected the Sacrifice of our Redemption with the Incarnation of the Word?" (Davies)
No external response.
The priest says "Amen", the recipient adores in silence, e.g. by silently reciting "My Lord and my God".
Please note: The focus on external actions may distract persons from true interior adoration of the Holy Eucharist and focusing on the Real Presence.
"It must be taught, then, that to priests alone has been given power to consecrate and administer to the faithful, the Holy Eucharist. That this has been the unvarying practice of the Church, that the faithful should receive the Sacrament from the priests, and that the officiating priests should communicate themselves, has been explained by the holy Council of Trent, which has also shown that this practice, as having proceeded from Apostolic tradition, is to be religiously retained, particularly as Christ the Lord has left us an illustrious example thereof, having consecrated His own most sacred body, and given it to the Apostles with His own hands." (Catechism of the Council of Trent)
Please note: Prior to receiving Holy Communion, Communicant may have bowed - usually, however, the bow is made to the back of the Communicant in front of them rather than bowing directly in front of the Holy Eucharist, leaving open to question what the person was actually bowing to.
A mere earthly dignitary would not accept that someone who came to meet them didn't bow directly in front of them, but rather bowed behind someone else who was standing in front of them.
"...it is impossible to ignore how ritual gestures and usages expressing faith in the Real Presence have been abolished or changed.
The Novus Ordo eliminates... Purification of the priest's fingers over the chalice... All these suppressions only emphasize how outrageously faith in the dogma of the Real Presence is implicitly repudiated." H.E. Cardinals Ottaviani and Bacci..
Please note: This recalls to mind the Jesus' last words on the Cross: "It is consummated" (Jn. 19:30), a most appropriate ending for the solemn re-representation of Calvary.
Please note: These final words do not recall to mind the Passion of Christ and do not emphasize that a sacrifice has just been completed. In fact, considering the "festive" manner in which many Novus Ordo Masses are conducted, the traditional, solemn "Ite, missa est" may seem out of place.
Last Blessing. (English Translation)
"May the tribute of my homage be pleasing to Thee, O most holy Trinity. Grant that the Sacrifice which I, unworthy as I am, have offered in the presence of Thy Majesty, may be acceptable to Thee.
Through Thy mercy may it bring forgiveness to me and to all for whom I have offered it. Through Christ our Lord. Amen. May Almighty God bless you: The Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost. Amen."
May vary e.g. "May almighty God bless us, the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Amen.".
"As with the so-called 'exorcism' in the modern Rite of Baptism, simply placing the sub-heading Exorcism does not make what follows an exorcism. What is extremely worrying is that, according to the new rubrics, the deprecatory form must always be used, but the second form, the imperative, is an optional extra. What lies behind this change? The same denigration of the priesthood described above. It is a true Protestantization: the reduction of the ordained priest to the level of the common priesthood. It is the fruit of embarrassment about the visible priesthood. It is the same mentality that is at work when a priest says at the end of [the Novus Ordo] Mass: 'May Almighty God bless us...' When a priest does that, he is losing his identity, and is uncomfortable about the fact that he is different, and that he can confer blessings." ("Father X")
Beginning of the Gospel of St. John (English: "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God...")
Please note: The Last Gospel in the 'Tridentine' Mass emphases the Incarnation and gives a "majestic profession of faith in the Divinity of Christ."
No. The Mass clearly expresses Catholic doctrine which Protestants reject. Traditionally, Protestants are very hostile to this Mass, e.g. considering it "a manifest wickedness, an horrible idolatry, and a foul abomination".
Martin Luther's thoughts on the Mass: "I declare that all the brothels (though God has reproved them severely), all the manslaughters, murders, thefts, and adulteries have wrought less abomination than the popish mass."
Calvin's thoughts on the Mass: "...this mass, however much it may be varnished and adorned, offers the greatest insult to Christ, suppresses and conceals his cross, consigns his death to oblivion, deprives us of the benefit resulting from it, and invalidates and destroys the sacrament which was left as a memorial of that death; will there be any roots too deep for this most powerful axe, I mean the word of God, to cut in pieces and eradicate? will there be any varnish too specious for this light to detect the evil which lurks behind it?"
Yes. In fact, they may consider it an "acceptance, however belated, of the liturgical program set forth by the (16th century Protestant) 'Reformers'". Not only do they approve of the New Mass - despite the fact that they hold firm to their heretical beliefs - some have even used it for their own 'worship services'
"[T]he revised Roman Liturgy, so far from being a cause of dissention, now resembles the Anglican Liturgy very closely." (Anglican Observer at Vatican II)
"The changes are echoing everything that was done at the Reformation... the Martyrs have died for nothing." (Hugh Ross Williamson, famous Catholic convert)
"...for on many points [the New Mass] has much to gladden the heart of even the most modernist Protestant." H.E.Cardinals Ottaviani & Bacci.
Relation of Mass to Orthodox Liturgy
(Please note: The Orthodox, although possibly schismatic, have maintained an ancient liturgy with a valid consecration.)
Please note: Ironically, the changes in the Mass, designed to foster ecumenism, have brought us further from the Orthodox and closer to Protestants (heretics).
Stability of Mass.
Please note: The stability of the Traditional Mass well-reflects God's un-changeableness, and appears geared to please God.
Please note: Since the New Mass may be adapted to people - who change all the time - it "will never stay the same". The New Mass appears more geared to please man, who is never satisfied and therefore always wants change.