Most Reverend Dom Carlos Duarte Costa was born at the neighbourhood of Saint Antonio, the residence of his uncle, then Eduardo Duarte da Silva, in the City of Rio de Janeiro as a son of João Matta Francisco Costa and Maria Carlota Duarte da Silva Costa on July 21, 1888. He was baptized on September 3, 1888, by the Reverend Father Francisco Goulart and confirmed by Most Reverend João Eberhard. At the age of nine, he made his first communion, on July 24, 1897, in the Cathedral of Uberaba, at the hands of his uncle, Archbishop Eduardo Duarte e Silva. He concluded his primary studies at Santa Rosa College in Rio de Janeiro. Later, his uncle was raised to the Episcopal Dignity, being nominated Diocesan Bishop with his See in Uberaba, exerting a dynamic and efficient apostolate in the pasturing of the souls in his diocese. As a child of nine years, Carlos Duarte Costa was taken by his uncle, Eduardo Duarte e Silva, now an archbishop, to Rome to study in the American College Boarding School Pius-Latin where he completed courses in the minor seminary. In 1905, he returned to Brazil for health reasons, having been entered in the largest seminary in Uberaba, for the Congregation of Augustinian Priests, where he finished his Philosophical and Theological studies in the major seminary. Deacon Carlos Duarte Costa was a senior cleric for his uncle, Eduardo Duarte e Silva, in the Cathedral Church of Uberaba. In the same Cathedral Church, Father Carlos Duarte Costa celebrated his first Mass filled with the faithful on May 4, 1911. After his ordination, he returned to Rome to better himself and obtained a Doctorate in Theology at the Gregorian Pontifical University of Rome, he later worked with his uncle, Eduardo Duarte e Silva in Uberaba, as Secretary of the Diocese.
REVEREND FATHER CARLOS DUARTE COSTA.
Reverend Father Carlos Duarte Costa was awarded with title of Monsignor for his publication of a catechism for children. Soon afterwards, he was nominated Apostolic Protonatario and General Secretary of the Archdiocese of Rio de Janeiro, for His Eminence. Cardinal Sebastião Leme da Silveira Cintra who succeeded His Eminence Cardinal Joaquim Arcoverde de Albuquerque Cavalcanti, executing this function until May 24, 1923, when his was nominated as Vicar General of the Archdiocese of Rio de Janeiro. He was later consecrated sacred Diocesan Bishop of Botucatu in 1924 by his friend Most Reverend Dom Sebastião Leme da Silveira Card. Cintra , Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro. He was Bishop Emeritus of Botucatu and renamed in 1937 by Pope Pius XI as Titular Bishop of Maura as a form of punishment and acceptance of his resignation from the Roman Catholic Church.
ROMAN CATHOLIC DIOCESAN BISHOP OF BOTUCATU.
Since the death of His Excellency Bishop Lacio in 1923, Botucatu remained a vacant diocese. For his work, for his dynamism and virtues, in the fulfilment of his duty in the Archdiocese of Rio de Janeiro, His Holiness. Pope Pius XI (Most Reverend Ambrogio Cardinal Damiano Achille Ratti) nominated Monsignor Carlos Duarte Costa as the Diocesan Bishop of Botucatu on July 04, 1924. Monsignor Duarte Costa’s Episcopal consecration took place at the Metropolitan Cathedral of Rio de Janeiro, on December 8, 1924. He was consecrated by His Eminence the Most Reverend Sebastião Leme Cardinal da Silveira Cintra, assisted by Most Reverend Alberto José Gonçalves, His Excellency the Bishop of Ribeirão Preto, and the Most Reverend Benedito Paulo Alves de Souza, His Excellency the Bishop of Espírito Santo. Brazil.
POLITICAL AND SOCIAL INFLUENCE
In the 1930s, he was one of the great articulators of Catholic Electoral Union where Catholics also defended the Catholic vote against the politicians. It intended of this to form and to preserve the Christian principle in the Laws and Acts of the Politicians, as for example, the creation of a rule of law for the divorce, that it is an act denied the poor persons for the Roman Catholic Church, but widely supported for the Bible. In 1932, on the occasion of the Constitutionalist Revolution, His Excellency Most Reverend Carlos Duarte Costa formed a “Diocesan Battalion of the Hunters,” generally known as the “Battalion of the Bishop,” to fight to the side of the Constitutionalist Troops. For this he collected deep between the fiduciary offices, he sold his pectoral gold cross with amethyst and precious gems, and a farm of the Diocese, demonstrating his deep love to the cause of the freedom and to the democratic institutions. Such acts caused great national repercussions; it had who supported it, therefore being Dom Carioca Carlos, he raised the São Paulo flag and he made many more compatriots; but he also had those who disapproved, and were envious of his popularity, as he, acting as a true Moses, was searching for all the forms and ways of freedom for the Brazilian people. Due to the construction of the new Cathedral, of the Orphanage and the College, in addition to other projects, Bishop Carlos Duarte Costa initiated the sale of some property of the Diocese, to be able to erase the debt, with the purpose to support, and to help the hungry poor persons of the time. The benefits of his shining administration are still standing in the São Paulo City of Botucatu, as a testimony of his capacity and determination.
POLITICAL PRESSURE AND FORCED RESIGNATION
Government President Getúlio Dornelles Vargas infuriated with His Excellency. Most Reverend Dom Carlos Duarte Costa for his having convened a battalion of soldiers from the Constitutional Troops to join him in his struggle against the corruption of the government. His Excellency President Getúlio Dornelles Vargas asked the Holy See of Rome for the removal of His Excellency Most Reverend Carlos Duarte Costa from the Diocese of Botucatu. The Vatican could not do this directly. Therefore the Apostolic Nuncio to Brazil entered into an agreement with the Secretary of the Diocese of Botucatu to obtain the resignation of His Excellency, Most Reverend Carlos Duarte Costa as Diocesan Bishop of Botucatu. This sneaky act by the secretary in the daily documents and reports that Most Reverend Carlos Duarte Costa always had to sign placed the resignation letter within a series of documents which His Excellency, Most Reverend Carlos Duarte Costa signed as a result of the deception. The Diocesan secretary of Botucatu informed the Holy See of Rome that His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom Carlos Duarte Costa had signed the document mistakenly without reading it. This happened in the beginning of 1937.
The Holy See of Rome renounced claims that Most Reverend Dom Carlos Duarte Costa letter of resignation was a forgery based on the verbal evidence of the Secretary of the Diocese. His Excellency's resignation was accepted by His Holiness Pope Pius XI on the 22nd September 1937.See TIME MAGAZINE STATEMENT ON 23 JULY 1945 After the acceptance of his resignation His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom Carlos Duarte Costa was appointed Titular Bishop of Maura, an extinct diocese of Africa. He was permitted to have his full sacramental privileges by His Eminence, Most Reverend Cardinal Sebastião Leme da Silveira Cintra, until his eminence passed away in 1942. The Roman Catholic Church hierarchy decided that now the bishops spiritual protector was dead they would persecute Bishop Carlos Duarte Costa.
TITULAR BISHOP OF MAURA.
After his “forced resignation,” His Excellency the Most Reverend Carlos Duarte Costa abandoned the life of rich capitalism imposed by the Vatican and went to live humbly in the City of Rio de Janeiro as Diocesan Bishop Emeritus of Botucatu with the title of Titular Bishop of Maura. His Excellency obtained the determined support of his protector His Eminence, Most Reverend Sebastião Leme Cardinal da Silveira Cintra, "Cardinal -Priest" who granted His Excellency, Most Reverend Duarte Costa permission to keep a particular Chapel with the Blessed Sacrament in its residence. He also permitted His Excellency to preside over marriages, to celebrate festive and solemn masses, act as co consecrator and to manage the Sacrament of the Chrism in the parishes where he was invited by the respective priests and bishops along with sacraments too.
He was allowed to act as a co consecrator for fellow bishops to be of the Roman Catholic Church in Brazil such as Bishop Eliseu Maria Coroli, B. † on the 13 October 1940. "Some 3 years after he had already been appointed as a ‘Titular‘. His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom Eliseu Coroli served on all 4 councils of Vatican II. SEE: http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/bcoroli.html .
In regards to bishop’s consecrated by His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa after his resignation was accepted as Diocesan Bishop in 1937 and he was appointed as Titular Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church on 6 July 1945 founded the Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church and consecrated the following bishops:
1. Catholic Bishop Salomão FERRAZ consecrated Bishop by Archbishop Carlos Duarte Costa: Bishop. Salomão FERRAZ Founder of the Order of St. Andrew for ICAB. Incardinated in to the Roman Catholic Church by H.H. Pope John XXIII, was appointed the title "Eleuterna HOLDER OF CRETE Photographs of Bp Salameo Ferraz consecration and assigned as Auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of Sao Paulo, Brazil.
(Photograph above is that of Bishop Salamao Ferraz & Archbishop Carlos Duarte Costa)
2. Catholic Bishop ORLANDO ARCE MOYA, consecrated by Archbishop Dom Carlos Duarte Costa on the November 30, 1956, as bishop of Santiago de Chile. Years later he also was received by H.H. Pope John XXIII and appointed Auxiliary Bishop to the Archbishop of Madrid, Spain. Years later he was transferred in the position of auxiliary bishop in the Archdiocese of Ceará, Brazil Republic.3. Catholic Bishop Eliseu Maria Coroli, Prelate Emeritus of Guamá, Para. Titular Bishop of Zama Major.He was consecrated on the 13 Oct 1940 as Titular Bishop of Zama Major he Resigned as Prelate of Guamá, Para, Brazil on the 29 Jul 1982. He served on all Four Sessions of the Second Vatican Council, his principal consecrator was Cardinal Benedetto Aloisi Masella who chose co-consecrators Bishop Joaquim Mamede da Silva Leite and Titular Bishop Carlos Duarte Costa (even though he resigned to Pope Pius XI 3 years before and his resignation was accepted in place he was appointed as Titular Bishop of Maura). Cardinal Benedetto Aloisi Masella was appointed Apostolic Nuncio to Brazil. Chamberlain of the Apostolic Chamber. Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina. Archpriest of Saint John Lateran Basilica. Prefect of the Congregation of the Discipline of the Sacraments and died as Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation of the Discipline of the Sacraments.
4. Catholic Bishop Luis Fernando Castillo Mendez, consecrated sacred Catholic Bishop on the 3 May 1948 by Archbishop Carlos Duarte Costa, Bishop Salamao Ferraz for ICAB Photographs of Bp Castillo Mendez consecration .
Most Reverend Dom Carlos Duarte Costa. Archbishop of Rio de Janerio. 18th August 1945 See the full 12 page speech here ARCHBISHOP DOM CARLOS DUARTE COSTA SPEECH 18 AUGUST 1945 ALL 11 PAGES
May it be known to the Brazilian public that the Bishop of Rome, Eugenio Pacelli, has no authority to excommunicate me and in accord with what I have made public, I am a more authentic Bishop of Rio de Janeiro, as I was elected by popular acclamation of the Brazilian people, than he, the Bishop of Rome, elected by Italian Cardinals.
Nor does the present century accept excommunication, a political tool of the Middle Ages when the Bishop of Rome, seemingly oblivious to the evangelical Magna Carta contained in the Sermon on the Mount, spewed forth his hatred against emperors and kings, who did not submit to the will of him who made of the Cross a weapon to bathe humanity in blood, obligating Christ to curse him saying:
"Woe to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, who close to men the kingdom of heaven: for you neither enter yourselves, nor do you allow those who would enter to go in" "Woe to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, who, tender pretext of reciting long prayers, devour the houses of widows; you will receive the greater condemnation." "Woe to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, for you tithe mint and dill and cumin, and neglect the weightier matters of the law: justice, mercy, and faith; these you ought to have done, without neglecting the others. You blind guides, straining out a gnat and swallowing a camel!" "Woe to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, who cleanse the outside of a cup and of a plate, but inside you are full of extortion and rapacity." "Serpents, race of vipers, how can you escape condemnation to Hell?"
What a contrast between these fulminating accusations, between these vehement invectives from Our Lord, and his attitude toward the biggest sinners: the Samaritan woman. Mary Magdalene, the adulterous woman, whom he forgives without a word of condemnation; with the criminals, with the good thief, to whom he promised Paradise!
Because all sorts of weakness, of misery, humbly acknowledged and confessed, attracts compassion and mercy from God. On the other hand, pride elicits indignation.
On the 6th July, 1944, my house was surrounded by agents of the police and, on the following day, I was taken prisoner by order of the government of the Republic, at the request of the Apostolic Nuncio and of the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro in a conspiracy with a group of Brazilian Fascists.
I was destined for the Fortress of Santa Cruz. However, I was sent to Belo Horizonte where I was registered as a Communist and then sent under house arrest to the town of Bonfim, to the estate of Minas Gerais, with a guard at the doors and investigators inside the house.There I stayed until the sixth of September, 1944, when, bowing to pressure from the Brazilian Associated Press and the Embassies of the United States, Mexico and England, the Brazilian government released me. Here I would like to express my gratitude to the Brazilian Associated Press, and in particular its illustrious President Herbert Moses, and also the Embassies of the United States, England and Mexico.......
The Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church permits divorce within the Gospel.
Saint Matthew tells us in Chapter 5: 27 - 32: "You know it was said in olden time: Do not commit adultery. But I say to you: Whoever looks covetously upon a woman has already committed adultery with her in his heart. If, then, your right eye causes you scandal, tear it out and throw it away, for it is better to lose a member of your body than to have your entire body go to Hell. It was also said: Whoever would abandon his wife, must give her a letter of divorce. But I say to you: Whoever divorces his wife, if not for adultery, makes her an adulteress and whoever taker her commits adultery."
Elsewhere in Saint Matthew, Chapter XIX: 3 - 9, he tell us: "Is it lawful to divorce one's wife for any reason?" He responded, "Have you not heard that the Creator of Mankind in the beginning created a man and a woman and said: for this shall a man leave his father and mother to unite himself with his wife, and the two shall be as one flesh? So they are no longer two but one flesh; and so, then, what God joins together, man must not separate." "Why, then," insisted the people. "Did Moses command that one fives his wife a letter of divorce, and demands her to be gone?" Jesus responded, "Because of the hardness of your hearts Moses permitted you to divorce your wife, but in the beginning it was not so. I say to you now, whoever divorces his wife, except for adultery, and marries another commits adultery and whoever marries the divorced one commits adultery also."
This is the evangelical doctrine in its purity.
In the beginnings of Christianity, in this time of transition the woman was enslaved among all the peoples and the laws of the Jews, the Romans, the Barbarians all permitted the repudiation of divorce. What did Christianity think? The fathers of the Church, the teachers of the age, were not in agreement with the indissolubility of marriage.
Some say that the New Testament was not against the law of Moses, which permitted divorce and that Jesus himself allowed divorce at least in the case of adultery of the woman.
Tertulian, Saint Ambrose and Saint Epiphany were of this opinion and allowed divorce. On the other side, Saint Jerome, Saint Chrysostom, particularly Saint Augustime, proclaimed the indissolubility of the marriage bond.
In the year 325, at the Council of Nicaea composed of 318 priests, no one stood up against divorce. It was at precisely this time that Fabiola divorced her husband, who was guilty of adultery, and then remarried. She had in her favour these words: "It is better to marry than to burn." And Fabiola lived with the aura of sanctity.
Divorce is a necessity for the moralization of the Brazilian family. The consequence of divorce is the same as that of celibacy. Because of no divorce there is disquite (legal separation), which amounts to the legal approval of prostitution. Because the priests are not permitted to marry, many live concubinage. Clericaal meddling in the governing of nations should no longer be possible. The Pope is a monarch or a leader of a religion. If, by treaty he is considered monarch, he should limit himself to his diplomatic representation never, however, going beyond the nomination of bishops. If he s a religious leader he should lose his diplomatic representation. Humanity does not allow him to be both. Choose !
All for God. All for Christ. All for the Homeland. And to all of Brazil my blessings in the Name of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.
+Dom Carlos Duarte Costa. Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro. Sao Paulo. 18 August 1945.
Brazilian Catholic Church.
FOUNDING OF THE CATHOLIC APOSTOLIC CHURCH OF BRAZIL
His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa Archbishop of Rio de Janerio re established the Catholic Apostolic Church of Brazil (Igreja Católica Apostólica Brasileira) on the 5 July 1945 and published his Manifesto on July 25, 1945. (Photo of Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa wearing the new grey soutanes by order of the Brazilian courts)The extract of the statutes of the New Church was published in Federal official gazette, Page 12, 637, July 25, 1945. The Catholic Apostolic Church of Brazil was registered in Book No. 2 of the Civil Societies under Number 107.966 of the Book A, Number 4. " Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa appointed Father Olinto Ferreira Pinto Filho as his personal secretary for the new founded Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church. Father Olinto Ferreira Pinto Filho was consecrated sacred bishop by His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Pedro dos Santos Silva who was consecrated sacred bishop by His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa in 1956.
After establishing the Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church (ICAB ). Archbishop Carlos Duarte Costa continued to use the same vestments, insignia, and rites as he had in the Roman Catholic Church as a Roman Catholic Bishop. This provoked the Cardinal of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro to appeal to the Minister of Justice and the President himself using their power and positions to obtain an injunction against both Archbishop Carlos Duarte Costa and his new church ICAB.
On September 27, 1948, the Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Churches (ICAB) were closed by the courts, on the grounds that the Roman Catholic Church claimed that they were deceiving the public into thinking they were Roman Catholic Churches and clergy. Archbishop Duarte Costa quickly filed an appeal, and in 1949 the Supreme Court ruled that the Brazilian Catholic Apostolic Church ( ICAB) could re-open its doors, on condition that the church use a modified liturgy and its clergy wear grey cassocks, to minimize the potential for confusion with Roman Catholics.
Actual translation in English of the Supreme Federal Court Order 1949.
Freedom of religious worship - MS 1114
Filed on behalf of D. Carlos Duarte Costa, founder and Chief Bishop of the Brazilian Catholic Church in Rio de Janeiro, former Bishop of Maura's Roman Catholic Church in order to be guaranteed you and the members of his church to the free exercise of their religious worship in public places and temples, as well as in school activities maintained by the Our Lady & Miracleous Medal once stopped by police, characterizing this fact, in alleged violation of clear legal right guaranteed by the Constitution, namely freedom of worship religious. In view of the opinion of the Consultant General's Office, approved by the President, was banned the worship of the Brazilian Catholic Church in public places, by those authorities consider there own worship of this church and its practices cause confusion religious vestments, and insignia with the existing external solemnities of the Roman Catholic Church, constituting an imitation thereof, thus violating the freedom of the latter church, which should be avoided for the sake of public order.
Rapporteur: Minister Lafayette de Andrada. Date of Judgment: 17/11/1949. Decision: Dismissal, 1 vote against.
Publication of the judgment: Archivo Judicial Review, vol. CI/6-15, (Jan. to mar/1952).
Copy of the Original Court order in Portuguese / Brazilian Supreme Court Transcript in Portuguese Brazilian PDF
ARCHBISHOP OF RIO DE JANERIO IN DEATH, EXALTED TO THE ALTARS
His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa guided, directed, and governed the Brazilian Catholic Church with a firm hand for sixteen (16) years until he fell asleep in Christ in Rio de Janeiro on Palm Sunday being March 26, 1961. At that time Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa at an age of 73 year old age, had 50 priests and 37 bishops. The death of his Excellency moved all of the Brazilian people, mainly in the City of Rio de Janeiro. Igreja-Mae and Couto Street of fiduciary offices had been overcrowded with people. The people wanted to see their shepherd. It was a burial worthy of any sacred Bishop who was very much loved by the people. The coffin with the mortal remains of His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa proceeded down Igreja-Mae, on Couto No. 54 Street, where His Excellency is entombed with all the honours of a bishop in the presence of the college of bishops of the Catholic Apostolic Church of Brazil (Igreja Católica Apostólica Brasileira). The life of Most Reverend Dom Carlos Duarte Costa being distinguished for its absolute chastity, devotion the Holy Virgin Maria and the Eucharistic, where he passed several hours daily in worship to the most august Sacrament of the Altar.
Therefore, all who have had appealed to the Triune God, through his intercession, had been blessed with favours and miracles. Due to everything he had done, he was granted the honour of the altars by the national episcopate from July 4 to 6, 1970, on the Street of the Couto, No. 54, quarter of the Penha, in Rio de Janeiro, with the title of “São Carlos of Brazil.” Which translates to Saint Charles of Brazil. Archbishop Duarte Costa was succeeded by Most Reverend Dom Luis Fernando Castillo Mendez, he was the FOURTH CATHOLIC BISHOP that received Episcopal consecration from the sacred hands of His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa. A pure Roman Catholic Apostolic Succession was His Excellency, Most Reverend Luis Fernando Castillo-Méndez in the Balboa Republic of Panama on May 3, 1948, with the title of “Titular Patriarch of Caracas” and Primate of Venezuela for having founded the Venezuelan Catholic Apostolic National Church. see http://www.hrcac.org.uk/most-reverend-castillo-mendez.-archbishop-of-brasilia.-brazil.html
DE JURE & DE FACTO -NO QUESTION OF VALIDITY.
His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Salomão Barbosa Ferraz was a former Roman Catholic priest, he was consecrated sacred bishop by His Excellency the Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa on the 15 August 1945 Photographs of Bp Salameo Ferraz consecration. Bishop Ferraz reconciled with the Roman Catholic Church in 1958 during the pontificate of Pope Pius XII. His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Salomão Barbosa Ferraz was named by the Holy See of Rome to be Titular Bishop of Eleuterna on May 12, 1963. Although still married His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Salomão Barbosa Ferraz was later appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Rio de Janeiro by Pope John XXIII. He was later called by His Holiness Pope Paul VI to serve on a working commission of the Second Vatican Council; he addressed the Council Fathers in session. It is notable that His Excellency. Most Reverend Salomão Barbosa Ferraz was never re-consecrated by the Roman Catholic Church (sub conditione / ad cautelmn). He was later buried with the full honours accorded a Catholic Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church. By the Holy See of the Roman Catholic Church accepting Most Reverend Dom. Salomão Barbosa Ferraz in this manner without any re-consecration affirmed “de Jure” and “de Facto” the sacramental validity of the lines of apostolic succession of the His Excellency, Most Reverend Carlos Dom. Duarte Costa still possessed. No other recognition of validity is needed other than the fact that the acts took place and is recorded in the ACTA APOSTOLICAE SEDIS
His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Orlando Arce-Moya was also consecrated by His Excellency the Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa. Most Reverend Orlanda Arce Moya was the eighth (8) catholic Bishop consecrated by His Excellency the Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa. His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Orlando Arce-Moya made his own submission to Rome, he was accepted with full Episcopal functions again with deconsecrating ‘ sub conditione / ad cautelm‘. His Holiness Pope John XXIII simply accepted the Most Reverend Dom. Orlando Arce-Moya’s consecration as being valid and licit. . He was appointed by the Holy See as Auxiliary Bishop to the Archbishop of Madrid in Spain. His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Arce-Moya died some years later and was buried with full honours as a Roman Catholic bishop No other recognition of validity is needed other than the fact that the acts took place and is recorded in the ACTA APOSTOLICAE SEDIS.
Again by the Holy See of Rome accepting the above bishops from the Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa’s hands after he was appointed Titular Bishop of the Roman Catholic Church has affirmed de jure and de facto the sacramental validity of His Excellency, Most Reverend Dom. Carlos Duarte Costa’s ability to pass on his Apostolic Succession.
See continuation of Episcopal Holy Orders of His Holiness, Most Reverend Dom. Luis Fernando Castillo Mendez. Patriarch Of Brazil. Bishop of Brasilia.